A Change of Guard

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Tuesday, 7 July 2015

Hun Sen asks UN for help on Vietnam problem

Prime Minister Hun Sen has called on United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to provide original, constitutionally mandated maps of Cambodia's disputed border with Vietnam.

School of Vice: This is about the least sensible thing this regime can do - on the face of it! Why bother to have your country's map deposited at the UN in the first place when you are inclined to entrust the entire demarcation process to the use of a map [or maps] duplicated on the original and printed in a country with whom your country shares this border line of over a thousand kilometers? It wouldn't be shocking if all the stone border markers [eagerly paid for by Vietnam to speed up the process] planted so far will have been verified to have all located at some hundreds of meters or even kilometers deep inside Cambodian territory on the basis of the original map. 

Mind you, the UN along with other signatories to the PPA have not been quite principled or scrupulous themselves either in terms of offering a helping hand to a much maligned state sandwiched between powerful ones in Thailand and Vietnam - they all have been quick to act in condemnation of the Cambodian Opposition's otherwise legitimate role in questioning the all too cosy conducts and arrangements between Hanoi and Phnom Penh, or at any rate, suspecting them [Opposition] of causing turmoil for own political capital making. 

This dubious stance even extends to the use of the term "Yuon" [a word that is otherwise as neutral and casual as the term "Khmer" in the Cambodian tongue] by some opposition politicians [and frequently by supporters, apologists and ruling figures of the CPP itself] through the misplaced perception that the term's usage carries "derogatory" connotations towards Vietnam and the Vietnamese whilst Hanoi's and its satellite regime's atrocities and grievous rights abuses have frequently drawn no more than lip-service from the outside world. Thus, complaining of this general unhelpful attitude, the deputy leader of the CNRP - Kem Sokha - recently remarked on his overseas trip: 'We are not even allowed to use the word "yuon" ' - to refer to the yuon!  

Actually, this is about doing the right thing for the nation and people of Cambodia, and not about national prejudice, racial incitement, extremism or any thing else one could think of. For the right things to be done in all matters of public substance or relevance, there must be transparency and accountability, and thus far we have not been satisfied that this has been demonstrated to be the case. To the contrary, the entire demarcation procedure is shrouded in utter secrecy, reeking of foul play and national betrayal. It has now transpired that prior to the recent public admission by Hor Nam Hong [Foreign Affairs Minister] Phnom Penh had in fact lodged a number of complaints via its embassy in Hanoi in recent years over Vietnam's territorial infringements, and one would imagine that these amicable [but completely ineffective] diplomatic notes - whilst your nation's territorial integrity is being violated in broad daylight - would have continued to be lodged had it not been for the brave and conscientious effort and persistence of a handful of ordinary Cambodian citizens and opposition activists now portrayed and condemned yet again as "extremists" and "trouble-makers". 

Any of us who have been following Vietnam's tussle with China over territorial disputes in the SCS would have noted the former's open and public statement of grievances and practical intents towards Beijing that also entail the widely reported resolve/threat of the Vietnamese to bring the Chinese government before an internal arbitration tribunal of some sort. Surely, this kind of response is only appropriate and befitting of any nation or country confronted with similar woes? Well, no, according to Mr Hong and Co: You are weak and vulnerable to the threats and abuses posed by your more powerful neighbours, so all that you could do would be to lodge only polite, quiet complaints and hope the rest of the outside world learn nothing of your grievances and at the same while pray that your tormentors will eventually acquire enlightenment, attain grace, reform their conduct and act civilised towards you in contravention of all their known behavioural patterns shown in the past and present! At least, that would appear to be the underlying reasoning. 

NB: Hopefully, the original map now held at the UN is 'digitalised' and safely archived somewhere before or if it is to be handed over to the Phnom Penh regime. Just in case! 

Mon, 6 July 2015
Shaun Turton ppp

Prime Minister Hun Sen has written to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, requesting access to the original, constitutionally mandated maps of Cambodia’s borders, following weeks of tension with Vietnam over the eastern frontier.

In a letter dated July 6, the prime minister requests to borrow the original Bonne map, scale 1/100,000, which was developed between 1933 and 1955 by French colonial authorities and deposited by late King Norodom Sihanouk with the UN in 1964.

Noting that Sihanouk’s efforts to ensure the Kingdom’s border was respected, Hun Sun tells Ban Ki-moon the government needs the maps to “verify” its ongoing demarcation process and “end the incitement of extreme nationalism” by “some quarters” in Cambodia that “may lead to catastrophe” for Cambodia, a reference to the opposition’s recent push to highlight alleged encroachment by Vietnam.

The request is made "with the intention to clearly confirm about the scrupulous and righteousness of the Royal Government of Cambodia’s determination and implementation of the delimitation and demarcation of borders between the Kingdom of Cambodia and her neighboring countries as well as with the objective to avoid and to end the incitement of extreme nationalism and ill-intention to cause confusion within national and international public opinions in order to make political gains by some quarters in Cambodia that may lead to catastrophe to the whole Cambodian national," Hun Sen writes.

He continues: “I strongly believe that for the cause of peace and stability in the region as well as with the high consideration on (sic) the well being of Cambodia and her people, who is a member of the United Nations, Your Excellency Secretary General would render cooperation with his request”.


How China is losing South-east Asia

03-Jul-15 08:32AM | By Ravi Velloor

SINGAPORE (Straits Times/ANN) -- The region may depend on China for growth - but that dependence is mutual, which is something China seems to forget.

Mr Rafael Alunan, Interior Minister of the Philippines in the Fidel Ramos presidency, remembers the day the Chinese walked into Mischief Reef in the Spratlys, an area of the South China Sea his countrymen had long considered theirs. 

Three years earlier, in 1992, the Americans had vacated Subic Bay and Clark Air Base. Without that reassuring cover there was little that Mr Ramos, himself a retired general, could do.

"We woke up one morning to this stab in the back," says Mr Alunan. "When we approached China they told us they were there to build temporary structures for fishermen. Our fears have proved correct. Today, it is a full-fledged military installation."

"Raffy", as he is known in his nation, recently uploaded a short video on YouTube. In that clip he describes China as a "rogue" and "failing state" marked by massive corruption, indebtedness, economic contraction, capital flight and social discontent. 

"At the rate China is making enemies and wrecking the global commons, one wishes that it implodes before it damages further the planet's well-being and the region's relative stability," he concludes.

In late May, along with other Jefferson Fellows from Hawaii's East-West Centre, I met Mr Alunan in Manila. When I asked why his language was so baleful, he affected surprise. "It was just an outpouring of what we Filipinos feel," he told me. "I am surprised you consider it vitriolic."

Protecting the Foundations of Democracy

By: William E. Todd, U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom of Cambodia
Phnom Penh

Earlier this week, a diverse group of protestors came together in Phnom Penh to express their opinions regarding the draft NGO and trade union laws.  A fundamental aspect of a successful democracy is guaranteeing the freedom to form groups and gather together to express views on matters of public concern, even when those views differ from those of the government.  I was pleased to hear there were no reports of force or violence, and I commend the protestors and authorities for staying calm.  As Cambodia’s leaders prepare for consultations on the draft NGO law next week, they can make these discussions even more meaningful by incorporating the voices of those involved in the protests.  Peaceful protest is an important outlet for dissent, and the marches in response to the draft NGO and trade union laws demonstrate that there is a strong desire from the Cambodian public for genuine reforms that benefit ordinary Cambodians.

William E. Todd, U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom of Cambodia
Some of the most important changes in American society were achieved throughnonviolent social action, from the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s to the long-running campaign that led to last week’s historic decision by the U.S. Supreme Court tomake same-sex marriage a right across the country.  On Saturday, July 4, the United States celebrated the 239th anniversary of our independence.  This anniversary is a perfect chanceto reaffirm our commitment to the fundamental premise set forth in our Declaration of Independence, that “all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.”

Cambodia urges Vietnam to stop roads construction at non-demarcated borderline


PHNOM PENH (Xinhua) -- Cambodia has demanded Vietnam to immediately cease all planned road construction and other infrastructure along the border until the Joint Border Commission (JBC) of the two countries have completely demarcated the borderline.

According to a diplomatic note sent to the Vietnamese government on Wednesday and posted on the Cambodian foreign ministry's website Thursday, Cambodia requested Vietnam to provide the locations where its authorities have planned to construct roads and other infrastructures.

The country also asked Vietnam to show map indicating the locations of road construction alongside with the border where the JBC has already agreed to implant border pillars or decided to exchange the land in the framework of the 2011 MoU (Memorandum of Understanding).

Moreover, it demanded Vietnam to stop as earlier as possible the construction of three road segments, which are as close as 10 meters from the borderline in Cambodia's Svay Rieng province, saying that the border pillars at the area have not yet been demarcated.

This was the fourth diplomatic note Cambodia sent to Vietnam since last month asking the Hanoi government to respect the borderline.

Lawmaker Urges More Cooperation To Prevent Force Fishing Labor

Men Kimseng, VOA Khmer
06 July 2015

FILE - A fisherman sits as fishing vessels are seen docked after fishing operations stopped at a port in Samut Sakhon province, Thailand.

Cambodian authorities must cooperate with Thailand to reform illegal fishing practices there, a lawmaker says.

It must also work to ensure that some 230 Cambodian fisherman recently rescued from illegal operations off the coast of Indonesia are supported and are not forced to return to a similar fate, Mu Sochua, a lawmaker for the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party, told “Hello VOA.”

Cambodia must strengthen its cooperation with Thailand, where many Cambodians migrate to work, both legally and illegally, to ensure their rights are protected, she said.

“'There must be cooperation between Cambodia and the Royal Government of Thailand through negotiations in order to protect human rights of every citizen, especially migrant workers,” said Mu Sochua, who is in charge of women, children, and migration in the office of minority leader at the National Assembly.

Her office received 10 complaints in May and June of cases involving Cambodians who paid fees to find work in Thailand and then either didn’t get the job they were promised or have gone missing.

Cambodian Fishermen Hope for Crackdown on Illegal Thai Fishing

“It’s a heavy crime,” Eang Nam said. “Please, European Union, do whatever to punish the people who abuse Cambodians on fishing boats.”

Phorn Bopha, VOA Khmer
Thailand’s fishing industry has received a “yellow card” warning from the European Union for failing to address illegal fishing operations.
The European Commission in April said it was putting Thailand on notice “for not taking sufficient measures in the international fight against illegal fishing.”
The EU is campaigning for sustainable fisheries, the Commissioner for Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Karmenu Vella, said in a statement. “Failure to take strong action against illegal fishing will carry consequences.”
Interviewed recently, Cambodian fishermen said the warning could help them, because fish from Cambodia’s vast Tonle Sap Lake and others might find a better market in Thailand if illegal fishing operations there are curtailed.
“We have good fish, and if the fish fetch a good price, people can export the fish” to Thailand, said Eang Nam, the chief of a fishing community in Kampong Cham province, where 40 percent of the 60,000 people make their living fishing.
A crackdown would also curb forced labor on fishing vessels, where conscripted men, many from Burma and Cambodia, are forced to work in slave-like conditions.
Cambodian fishermen fishing in Chaktomuk river, Cambodia.
Cambodian fishermen fishing in Chaktomuk river, Cambodia.
​“It’s a heavy crime,” Eang Nam said. “Please, European Union, do whatever to punish the people who abuse Cambodians on fishing boats.”
A number of Cambodian fishermen echoed his sentiments. However, in order for Cambodian fishermen to benefit from a crackdown on illegal operations in Thailand, they must improve their export capacity, said Kong Chanthy, head of a fishing community in Stung Treng province. Otherwise, mostly the middlemen benefit, he said.

Group Claims Suit Against Rights Worker Is Intimidation

Ny Chakrya, head of legal assistance for the rights group Adhoc, is facing a suit filed by two court officials in Siem Reap province last month, after he spoke to local media about a land dispute there. (Courtesy of Ny Chakrya)

Hul Reakskmey, VOA Khmer
06 July 2015

The international watchdog Frontline Defenders has called on Cambodian authorities to drop a defamation lawsuit against a prominent human rights worker.

Ny Chakrya, head of legal assistance for the rights group Adhoc, is facing a suit filed by two court officials in Siem Reap province last month, after he spoke to local media about a land dispute there.

Under Cambodian law, defamation is considered a criminal act, punishable by jail time and fines. Critics of the law say it allows for retributive lawsuits by officials who may feel slighted by public criticism.

“Frontline Defenders express its grave concern at the judicial harassment of human rights defender Ny Chakrya, and the court summons issued against him, which it believes to be another attempt to silence human rights defenders in Cambodia and their legitimate work providing support to victims of human rights violations,” the group said in a statement. “Frontline Defenders urges the authorities in Cambodia to guarantee in all circumstances that all human rights defenders in Cambodia are able to carry out their legitimate human rights activities without fear of reprisals and free of all restrictions.”

Monday, 6 July 2015

Interview with an NGO director was who arrested by Vietnamese police for taking children to inspect Cambodian-Vietnamese border សម្ភាស​ប្រធាន​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌល​អន្តរជាតិ​ជប៉ុន​ដើម្បី​សិទ្ធិ​កុមារ​បន្ទាប់​ពី​វៀតណាម​ដោះ​លែង

ផែន ប៊ុនធឿន ៦២០
ប្រធាន​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌល​អន្តរជាតិ​ជប៉ុន ដើម្បី​សិទ្ធិ​កុមារ ស៊ី រ៉ៃត៍ (C Rights) លោក ផែន ប៊ុនធឿន ផ្ដល់​បទសម្ភាសន៍​ដល់​វិទ្យុ​អាស៊ីសេរី បន្ទាប់​ពី​អាជ្ញាធរ​វៀតណាម ដោះ​លែង​មក​កម្ពុជា វិញ នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៥ ខែ​កក្កដា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥។
Photo: RFA

អាជ្ញាធរ​វៀតណាម នៃ​ខេត្ត​ឡុងអាន (Long An) និង​អាជ្ញាធរ​កម្ពុជា បាន​បញ្ជូន​ប្រធាន​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌល​អន្តរជាតិ​ជប៉ុន ដើម្បី​សិទ្ធិ​កុមារ ស៊ី រ៉ៃត៍ (C Rights) លោក ផែន ប៊ុនធឿន មក​កម្ពុជា វិញ​នៅ​ព្រឹក​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៥ ខែ​កក្កដា។
ការ​ដោះ​លែង​នេះ បន្ទាប់​ពី​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​វៀតណាម វាយ និង​ចាប់​ខ្លួន​ប្រធាន​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌល​អន្តរជាតិ​ជប៉ុន ដើម្បី​សិទ្ធិ​កុមារ នៅ​ពេល​លោក​នាំ​កុមារ និង​យុវជន ចូល​ទៅ​តំបន់​ព្រំដែន​ភូមិ​ធ្លកថ្មី ឃុំ​ត្នោត ស្រុក​កំពង់រោទិ៍ ខេត្ត​ស្វាយរៀង។
សូម​លោក​អ្នក​នាង​ស្ដាប់​បទសម្ភាសន៍​របស់ អ្នកស្រី ខែ សុណង និង​លោក ផែន ប៊ុនធឿន ប្រធាន​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌល​អន្តរជាតិ​ជប៉ុន ដើម្បី​សិទ្ធិ​កុមារ ដូច​ត​ទៅ៖

កំណត់ចំណាំចំពោះអ្នកបញ្ចូលមតិនៅក្នុងអត្ថបទនេះ៖ ដើម្បី​រក្សា​សេចក្ដី​ថ្លៃថ្នូរ យើង​ខ្ញុំ​នឹង​ផ្សាយ​តែ​មតិ​ណា ដែល​មិន​ជេរ​ប្រមាថ​ដល់​អ្នក​ដទៃ​ប៉ុណ្ណោះ។

Cambodia and Vietnam to hold a meeting on border issues in Phnom Penh កម្ពុជា និង​វៀតណាម​នឹង​ប្រជុំ​បញ្ហា​ព្រំដែន​នៅ​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ​វិញ

(ចុះ​ផ្សាយ​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ   05-07-2015,) |  ដោយ : រឿន ភារុន           

គណៈកម្មការ​ចម្រុះ​ព្រំដែន​គោក​កម្ពុជា និង​វៀតណាម បានសម្រេច​ផ្លាស់ប្តូរ​ប្រជុំ​ពី ខេត្តសៀមរាប មក​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ​វិញ ពីថ្ងៃ​ទី៦ដល់ ថ្ងៃទី៩ ខែកក្កដា​នេះ ដើម្បី​ដោះស្រាយ​វិវាទ​ព្រំដែន​ដែល​នៅ​សេសសល់ និង​បញ្ហា​តាម​ខ្សែបន្ទាត់​ព្រំដែន​ផ្សេងទៀត​កន្លងមក។

លោក​ទេសរដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ទទួលបន្ទុក​កិច្ចការ​ព្រំដែន និង​ជា​ប្រធាន​កិច្ចការ​ចម្រុះ​ព្រំដែន វ៉ា គឹមហុង បាន​ប្រាប់​សារព័ត៌មានថ្មីៗថា គណៈកម្មការ​ចម្រុះ​ព្រំដែន​គោក​ភាគី​ទាំងពីរ កម្ពុជា និង​វៀតណាម នឹង​ជួបប្រជុំ​ពិភាក្សាគ្នា​រឿង​បញ្ហា​ព្រំដែន នៅ​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ​វិញ។ ការផ្លាស់ប្តូរ ទីតាំង​ប្រជុំ​វិញ​នេះ ភាគី​ទាំងពីរ​មិន​ចង់​ចំណាយពេល​ច្រើន ធ្វើដំណើរ​ទៅកាន់​ខេត្តសៀមរាប ដើម្បី​ប្រជុំ។

«កិច្ចប្រជុំ​គណៈកម្មការ​ចម្រុះ​ព្រំដែន​កម្ពុជា និង​វៀតណាម នឹង​ចាប់ផ្តើម​ពីថ្ងៃ​ទី៦ ដល់​ថ្ងៃទី៩ សប្តាហ៍​ក្រោយនេះ តែ​យើង​ប្តូរ​មក​ប្រជុំ​នៅ​ភ្នំពេញ​វិញ»។ នេះ​ជា​ប្រសាសន៍​បញ្ជាក់​របស់ លោក វ៉ា គឹមហុង។ យ៉ាងណា លោក​ថា គណៈកម្មការ​ទាំងពីរ ពុំទាន់​រក​ទីកន្លែង ដើម្បី​ពិភាក្សាគ្នា​នៅ​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ​ច្បាស់​នោះទេ។

គួររម្លឹកថា កាលពី​ថ្ងៃទី១ កក្កដា​កន្លងទៅ ទីស្តីការគណៈរដ្ឋមន្ត្រី បានចេញ​សេចក្តីប្រកាស​ព័ត៌មាន​ថា គណៈកម្មការ​ចម្រុះ​ព្រំដែន​គោក​កម្ពុជា និង​វៀតណាម នឹង​ជួបប្រជុំគ្នា​នៅ ខេត្តសៀមរាប ពីថ្ងៃ​ទី៦ដល់ ថ្ងៃទី៩ ខែកក្កដា​នេះ ដើម្បី​ដោះស្រាយ​វិវាទ​ព្រំដែន​កម្ពុជា និង​វៀតណាម។

EXCLUSIVE: Border Talks Called Off as Tensions Rise

Sunday, 05 July 2015; News by Khmer Times/Tin Sokhavuth

Government officials unveil the map used to demarcate the Cambodian-Vietnamese border, following complaints from the opposition CNRP that the ruling CPP is shortchanging the Kingdom by using a map that favors Vietman. KT Photo: Fabien Mouret

KHMER TIMES (Phnom Penh) – Negotiators from Cambodia and Vietnam were scheduled to meet today for talks over disputes along their 1,228 km mutual border. But after a rocky weekend – with Hanoi’s state media criticizing Cambodia and a new Cambodian group confronting Vietnamese police at the border – the bi-national border talks were suspended.

A three-day meeting of the Cambodia Vietnam Joint Border Committee was to start in Siem Reap today. But now it is delayed for “technical reasons,” according to a high-ranking source in the Foreign Affairs Ministry.

Committee Members in the Dark

The cancellation was so last minute that two committee members were in the dark until a Khmer Times reporter called them Sunday. Committee member Kuy Pesey said she had been told that the meeting was switched from Siem Reap to Phnom Penh.

She said the Cambodia side had put on the agenda the key disputes that arose over the past month. These include alleged encroachments on Cambodian soil in Ratanakkiri, Kampot and Svay Rieng provinces.

Testing Wills in the Parrot’s Beak

Tensions boiled over June 28 when activists, including members of the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party, clashed with Vietnamese villagers in a disputed area in Svay Rieng province’s Kampong Rou district. This area is in an eastern Cambodian salient, known as the Parrot’s Beak during the Vietnam War.

Although several people were injured in this confrontation, Pen Bun Theun, the president of a local children’s rights NGO, led a group of kids to the same area on Saturday.

He was briefly detained by Vietnamese authorities near border post 240 in Kampong Rou district, according to Khmer-language media. Rights group Licadho helped obtain his release. There were no reports of detentions of children.

Vietnam’s State News Attacks “Extremists”

Sam Rainsy: Culture of Dialogue Will Save Cambodia from Bloodshed

Sunday, 05 July 2015; News by Khmer Times/Chea Vannak

CNRP President Sam Rainsy and party members praying with monks in remembrance of the victims of Phnom Penh’s bloody military clash 18 years ago. KT Photo: Chea Vannak

PHNOM PENH (Khmer Times) – At the Cambodia National Rescue Party Headquarters on Sunday, the party’s president declared that bloody clashes with the government like those of July 1997 will never happen again.

Sam Rainsy spoke at the party’s remembrance of the victims of the July 5 and 6 clash 18 years ago in Phnom Penh  between Hun Sen’s military forces and Prince Ranariddh’s troops.

Mr. Rainsy said the sad event is a good lesson on non-violence for politicians. “CNRP will obey non-violent culture, especially the culture of dialogue,” Mr. Rainsy said. He vowed to remember the clash every year and to find justice for the victims through the independent court system. This will be achieved through democracy, he said.

Ex-Funcinpec minister Lu Laysreng says Cambodia will betaken over by Vietnam like Laos អតីតមន្ត្រី​ជាន់ខ្ពស់ Funcinpec លោក លឺ ឡាយស្រេង៖«ស្រុក​នេះ យួន​នឹង​យក​ដូច​ឡាវ​អ៊ីចឹង…»

ចុះ​ផ្សាយ​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ   05-07-2015, 2:58 pm) |  ដោយ : រឿន ភារុន           

ភ្នំពេញ៖ នៅក្នុង​ពិធី​គោរព​វិញ្ញាណក្ខន្ធ​ជនរងគ្រោះ​ដោយសារ​ព្រឹត្តិការណ៍​ថ្ងៃទី៥ ទី៦ខែកក្កដា​ឆ្នាំ១៩៩៧នៅ​ទីស្នាក់ការ​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ លោក លឺ ឡាយស្រេង អតីតមន្ត្រី​ជាន់ខ្ពស់ Funcinpec ទស្សន៍ទាយ​ថា បើ​ខ្មែរ​មិន​រួបរួមគ្នា​ទេ ស្រុក​ខ្មែរ​នឹងត្រូវ​ប្រទេស​វៀតណាម​យក ដូច​ប្រទេស​ឡាវ​អ៊ីចឹង​ដែរ។ សូម​អញ្ជើញ​ស្តាប់​សំឡេង​លោក លឺ ឡាយស្រេង ដែល​ថ្លែង​ទៅកាន់​ក្រុមអ្នកកាសែត ដូចតទៅ៖ Listen to the audio here.

Vietnam released director of a Cambodian NGO arrested when he took Cambodian children to inspect border with Vietnam វៀតណាម​ដោះ​លែង​ប្រធាន​អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិ​កុមារ​ស៊ី​រ៉ៃត៍​ឲ្យ​មក​កម្ពុជា​វិញ

ព្រំដែន​ស្វាយរៀង ៦២០
ទាហាន​ការពារ​ព្រំដែន​វៀតណាម ជាប់​នឹង​ព្រំដែន​ខ្មែរ​នៅ​ចំណុច​ភូមិ​ធ្លក ឃុំ​ត្នោត ស្រុក​កំពង់រោទិ៍ ក្នុង​ខេត្ត​ស្វាយរៀង នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២៨ ខែ​មិថុនា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥។
Photo Provided

ប្រធាន​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌល​អន្តរជាតិ​ជប៉ុន ដើម្បី​សិទ្ធិ​កុមារ ស៊ី រ៉ៃត៍ (C Rights) ដែល​វៀតណាម ចាប់​ខ្លួន ខណៈ​ដឹក​នាំ​សិស្ស​ក្មេងៗ​ធ្វើ​ទស្សនកិច្ច​នៅ​តំបន់​ព្រំដែន​នោះ ត្រូវ​បាន​អាជ្ញាធរ​វៀតណាម បញ្ជូន​មក​កម្ពុជា វិញ​ហើយ​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៥ ខែ​កក្កដា។
ការ​ដោះ​លែង​នេះ បន្ទាប់​ពី​មាន​កិច្ច​អន្តរាគមន៍​ពី​អាជ្ញាធរ​ខេត្ត​ស្វាយរៀង។ ទាក់ទិន​នឹង​បញ្ហា​វិវាទ​ព្រំដែន​រវាង​កម្ពុជា និង​វៀតណាម នេះ ទាំង​បក្ស​ប្រឆាំង និង​រដ្ឋាភិបាល កំពុង​រក​មធ្យោបាយ​ដោះស្រាយ។
អាជ្ញាធរ​វៀតណាម នៃ​ខេត្ត​ឡុងអាន (Long An) បាន​បញ្ជូន​ប្រធាន​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌល​អន្តរជាតិ​ជប៉ុន ដើម្បី​សិទ្ធិ​កុមារ ស៊ី រ៉ៃត៍ លោក ផែន ប៊ុនធឿន មក​ឲ្យ​កម្ពុជា វិញ​ហើយ​នៅ​ម៉ោង​ប្រមាណ ១០​ព្រឹក​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៥ កក្កដា តាម​ច្រក​ព្រំដែន​បាវិត បន្ទាប់​ពី​ស្នងការ​នគរបាល​ខេត្ត​ស្វាយរៀង លោក កឹង ខន ស្នើ​ឲ្យ​ភាគី​វៀតណាម ប្រគល់​មក​វិញ ដោយ​លើក​ហេតុផល​ថា ពលរដ្ឋ​ខ្មែរ​ដែល​ចុះ​ទៅ​ពិនិត្យ​មើល​ព្រំដែន​នោះ គ្មាន​គោល​បំណង​អាក្រក់​អ្វី​នោះ​ទេ ព្រោះ​គ្មាន​សព្វាវុធ​ក្នុង​ដៃ​ឡើយ។
យ៉ាង​ណា​ក៏ដោយ ក្រោយ​បញ្ជូន​មក​ដល់​ទឹក​ដី​ខ្មែរ​វិញ​នោះ លោក​ស្នងការ​នគរបាល​ខេត្ត​ស្វាយរៀង រូប​នេះ បាន​សួរ​នាំ និង​អប់រំ​ណែនាំ​ប្រមាណ ១៥​នាទី​ដល់​ប្រធាន​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌល​អន្តរជាតិ​ជប៉ុន ដើម្បី​សិទ្ធិ​កុមារ ស៊ី រ៉ៃត៍ នេះ៖ «គ្មាន​អី​ទេ យើង​គ្រាន់​តែ​ប្រាប់​គាត់​ថា កុំ​ឲ្យ​ដើរ​ទៅ​ណា​គ្មាន​ច្បាប់​ទម្លាប់​ទៀត។ ថ្ងៃ​ក្រោយ​មុន​ទៅ​ណា ត្រូវ​ប្រាប់​អាជ្ញាធរ​ដែន​ដី​ឲ្យ​ដឹង​ផង»
មួយ​រយៈ​ចុង​ក្រោយ​នេះ វិវាទ​នៅ​តាម​ខ្សែ​បន្ទាត់​ព្រំដែន​កម្ពុជា-វៀតណាម កំពុង​ឡើង​កម្តៅ​គគុក ដោយ​បណ្ដាល​ឲ្យ​មាន​ការ​ប៉ះ​ទង្គិច​គ្នា​ជា​ញឹកញយ នៅ​ពេល​ពលរដ្ឋ​ខ្មែរ​ទៅ​ទស្សនកិច្ច​នៅ​តំបន់​បង្គោល​ព្រំដែន​ម្តងៗ។
ប្រធាន​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌល​អន្តរជាតិ​ជប៉ុន ដើម្បី​សិទ្ធិ​កុមារ ស៊ី រ៉ៃត៍ លោក ផែន ប៊ុនធឿន និយាយ​ថា អាជ្ញាធរ​វៀតណាម បាន​ឲ្យ​គាត់​ធ្វើ​កិច្ចសន្យា និង​ធ្វើ​កំណត់​ហេតុ​ផ្សេងៗ​ពាក់ព័ន្ធ​នឹង​ការ​ចុះ​ទៅ​ពិនិត្យ​តំបន់​ព្រំដែន​នោះ មុន​នឹង​ឈាន​ដល់​ការ​ដោះ​លែង។ លោក​បញ្ជាក់​ថា នៅ​ប្រទេស​វៀតណាម ពេញ​មួយ​យប់ គឺ​អាជ្ញាធរ​វៀតណាម មិន​បាន​ធ្វើ​អំពើ​ហិង្សា​លើ​រូប​គាត់​នោះ​ទេ៖ «ពលរដ្ឋ​វៀតណាម ជា​អ្នក​វាយ ហើយ​អាជ្ញាធរ​ឃាត់​គេ​ជួយ​ឃាត់ ហើយ​គេ​សួរ​យើង​ថា ចូល​មក​ធ្វើ​អី​អ៊ីចឹង​ណា។ ក្រោយ​មក​គេ​ឲ្យ​ធ្វើ​កំណត់​ហេតុ និង​ទទួល​ស្គាល់​ថា ពិត​ជា​បាន​ឆ្លង​ចូល​ទៅ​មែន»

US, Wooing Vietnam, Readies Red Carpet for Communist Chief

Vietnamese Communist Party chief Nguyen Phu Trong doesn't hold an official government post, but it's not surprising that he'll meet with President Barack Obama on his visit to the United States this week. He is the de-facto top leader of his country.
More telling is one of Trong's other engagements — a dinner reception hosted by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, bastion of American free enterprise. Economic imperatives drove the U.S. and Vietnam to normalize postwar relations 20 years ago, and they remain a major incentive to boost ties.
President Bill Clinton announced the normalization of relations between the U.S. and Vietnam on July 11, 1995, following up on the lifting of punitive economic sanctions imposed after the Vietnam War ended in 1975 with a communist victory.
The bitterness on both sides gave way to pragmatism. Vietnam's socialist planners were running the economy of the newly unified nation into the ground, and needed a helping hand. American businesses saw opportunities that might otherwise be seized by Asian and European competitors.
Trong called his trip on Tuesday "a historic visit." He said he expects Obama to make his first visit to Vietnam later this year, though the White House has not confirmed the trip.
U.S. officials are eager to take relations with Vietnam — currently friendly but hardly intimate — to a new level. Vietnam could be a linchpin in Obama's "pivot" toward Asia, playing a strong geopolitical and economic role. As a front-line country nervous about Chinese expansionism in the South China Sea, Vietnam also would not mind the U.S. directing at least a little hard talk at Beijing.
"We believe that as one of the world's leading major powers and a member of the (U.N. Security Council), the U.S. has a great interest and responsibility in maintaining peace and stability in the world, particularly in the Asia-Pacific," Trong said Friday in a written response to questions submitted by The Associated Press.
In careful diplomatic language, he said he hoped "that the U.S. will continue to have appropriate voice and actions to contribute to peaceful settlement of disputes in the (South China Sea) in accordance with international law in order to ensure peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific and the world."
U.S. ambitions to remain a Pacific power hinge in large part on projecting its power by drawing a line with China.


Sunday, 5 July 2015

Romans vs Khmers: They came, they saw, they traded... or did they?

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School of Vice: There's just one small problem: if this ancient historical site of Oc Eo was the birthplace of Khmer [Cambodian] civilisation, or one of its earliest pillars, and the place locates within the annexed territory of Kampuchea Krom [Southern Cambodia], does this mean that Vietnam is now unwittingly contradicting its long-held claim that the earliest inhabitants of the region had belonged not to the Khmer ethno-linguistic group [or any other], but to Sino-Vietnamese ancestry; a claim that has aroused much angry reaction from Cambodian and Khmer Krom community of late?

Of course, knowing the Vietnamese, they'll find a way to wriggle out of this one too ...  

No one disputes that Oc Eo is a site of great archaelogical value. Vietnam this week named it a "national relic". But was it also the place where ancient Romans and Khmers met?

In 2nd century AD Egypt, the legendary Greco-Roman scientist Claudius Ptolemy put the extent of the known world onto paper. From his home in Alexandria, he gathered reports from sailors who had made perilous journeys to India and possibly beyond. Though details were sparse, a voyager named Alexander described a distant port called Kattigara on the Sinus Magna (Great Gulf) to the east of the Golden Chersonese peninsula – widely considered to be mainland Malaysia.
Halfway across the world around the same time, the bustling seaport Oc Eo was part of the flourishing Funan Kingdom, the earliest known pre-Angkorian civilisation and origin of the earliest Khmer-language inscriptions.
Located in modern Vietnam’s An Giang province near the Cambodian border, Oc Eo was on Monday declared a “national relic” by the Vietnamese government. Vuong Binh Thanh, chairman of the People’s Committee of An Giang, reportedly told onlookers that it was essential to preserve the 450-hectare site for the sake of tourism and academia alike.
Excavation at Oc Eo suggests it was major centre for international maritime trade. Unearthed jewellery, pottery statues, coins and gold pieces – including depictions of Hindu deities and Sanskrit inscriptions – indicate busy trade with the Indian subcontinent.
Content image - Phnom Penh Post
A 15th Century map of Southeast Asia from Ptolemy’s writings. WIKICOMMONS
Most curious, however, are the 2nd century AD Roman coins, found by French archaeologist Louis Malleret, who is credited with discovering the archaeological site in 1942.
While certainly one of Vietnam’s most important archaeological sites, could Oc Eo actually be Ptolemy’s Kattigara? And is it possible that Roman mariners could have travelled there and encountered Cambodia’s ancient ancestors?